The Progressive Effects of Periodontal Disease
Your bone and gum tissue should fit snugly around your teeth. When you have periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, this supporting tissue and bone is destroyed, forming “pockets” around the teeth. Over time, these pockets become deeper, providing a larger space for bacteria to live. As bacteria develop around the teeth, they can accumulate and advance under the gum tissue. These deep pockets collect even more bacteria, resulting in further bone and tissue loss. Eventually, if too much bone is lost, the teeth will need to be extracted.
Identifying Signs and Symptoms of Periodontal Disease
- Gums that bleed when brushing, flossing or eating
- Red, swollen or tender gum tissues
- Receding gum line
- Halitosis (bad breath)
- Tooth mobility
- Tooth sensitivity
- Change in bite
- Presence of pus around teeth
The Systemic Risks of Periodontal Infection
- Heart disease
- Respiratory illness
- Memory problems
- Pregnancy complications
- Certain types of cancers
Treating Periodontal Disease With Pocket Reduction Procedures
To diagnose periodontal disease, Dr. Gandhi measures the spaces, or periodontal pockets, between your teeth and gums. When these measurements go beyond a certain depth, and bone loss is evident on your x-rays, he may recommend a periodontal pocket reduction procedure, known as osseous surgery. Unfortunately, these pockets are too deep to clean with daily at-home oral hygiene and a professional care routine, and require advanced help with a reduction procedure to clear the teeth and gums of harmful bacterial deposits.
- What to Expect From Osseous SurgeryDuring the osseous surgery procedure Dr. Gandhi gently folds back the gum tissue and removes the disease causing bacteria, plaque and tartar before securing the tissue into place. In some cases, irregular surfaces of the damaged bone are smoothed to limit areas where disease causing bacteria hide. Bone tissue may also be grafted into place during this procedure, providing much needed support for teeth affected by destructive periodontal disease. The process of pocket depth reduction allows the gum tissue to better reattach to root surfaces of the teeth and healthy bone.
- Regenerate Healthy Bone Through Grafting ServicesProcedures that regenerate lost bone and tissue supporting your teeth can reverse some of the damage caused by periodontal disease. Dr. Gandhi may recommend a regenerative grafting procedure when the bone supporting your teeth has been destroyed by this oral infection. When performing these procedures, membranes (filters), he expertly places bone grafts or tissue stimulating proteins to encourage your body’s natural ability to regenerate bone and tissue. Grafting procedures can reverse some of the damage by regenerating lost bone and tissue, returning a strong, healthy foundation to your smile.